Order #17 of L. Paul Bremer regarding Iraqi law immunity
Coalition Provisional Authority (2004-06-24) Paul Bremer
This Page: http://www.copswiki.org/Common/M153
Media Link: http://www.cpa-iraq.org/regulations/20040627_CPAORD_17_Status_of_Coalition__Rev__with_Annex_A.pdf
More Info: Blackwater
[Note: this section is applicable to contractors, such as Blackwater]
Section 4 -- Contractors
1) Sending States may contract for any services, equipment, provisions, supplies,
material, other goods, or construction work to be furnished or undertaken in Iraq
without restriction as to choice of supplier or Contractor. Such contracts may be
awarded in accordance with the Sending State’s laws and regulations.
2) Contractors shall not be subject to Iraqi laws or regulations in matters relating to the
terms and conditions of their Contracts, including licensing and registering
employees, businesses and corporations; provided, however, that Contractors shall
comply with such applicable licensing and registration laws and regulations if
engaging in business or transactions in Iraq other than Contracts. Notwithstanding
any provisions in this Order, Private Security Companies and their employees
operating in Iraq must comply with all CPA Orders, Regulations, Memoranda, and
any implementing instructions or regulations governing the existence and activities
of Private Security Companies in Iraq, including registration and licensing of
weapons and firearms.
3) Contractors shall be immune from Iraqi legal process with respect to acts performed
by them pursuant to the terms and conditions of a Contract or any sub-contract
thereto. Nothing in this provision shall prohibit MNF Personnel from preventing acts
of serious misconduct by Contractors, or otherwise temporarily detaining any
Contractors who pose a risk of injury to themselves or others, pending expeditious
turnover to the appropriate authorities of the Sending State. In all such
circumstances, the appropriate senior representative of the Contractor’s Sending
State in Iraq shall be notified.
4) Except as provided in this Order, all Contractors shall respect relevant Iraqi laws,
including the Regulations, Orders, Memoranda and Public Notices issued by the
Administrator of the CPA.
5) Certification by the Sending State that its Contractor acted pursuant to the terms and
conditions of the Contract shall, in any Iraqi legal process, be conclusive evidence of
the facts so certified.
6) With respect to a contract or grant agreement with or on behalf of the CPA and with
respect to any successor agreement or agreements thereto, the Sending State shall be
the state of nationality of the individual or entity concerned, notwithstanding Section
1(5) of this Order.
7) These provisions are without prejudice to the exercise of jurisdiction by the Sending
State and the State of nationality of a Contractor in accordance with applicable laws.