Share Button

CA Election Code and CCR on Recounts and Contests

(2018-02-15)

This Page: http://www.copswiki.org/Common/M1825
More Info: Election Integrity

ELECTIONS CODE - ELEC

DIVISION 15. SEMIFINAL OFFICIAL CANVASS, OFFICIAL CANVASS, RECOUNT, AND TIE VOTE PROCEDURES [15000 - 15702]

CHAPTER 9. Recount [15600 - 15649]

ARTICLE 1. General Provisions [15600 - 15601]

§15600

Except as provided in this chapter, this chapter applies to all elections. The recount of votes cast for candidates for presidential electors shall be governed by this chapter.

§15601

  • (a) The Secretary of State, within the Secretary of State’s existing budget, shall adopt regulations no later than January 1, 2008, for each voting system approved for use in the state and specify the procedures for recounting ballots, including vote by mail and provisional ballots, using those voting systems.
  • (b) No later than January 1, 2018, the Secretary of State shall revise and adopt regulations specifying procedures for recounting ballots, including regulations establishing guidelines for charges a county elections official may impose when conducting a manual recount pursuant to this chapter.

ARTICLE 2. Elections Official-Ordered Recounts [15610- 15610.]

§15610.

If no election contest is pending wherein a recount of the ballots in a precinct has been or will be ordered, the elections official may order that the ballots voted in the precinct be publicly recounted if both of the following apply:
  • (a) The elections official has reasonable cause to believe the ballots in the precinct have been miscounted.
  • (b) The elections official has examined, under oath, the precinct board members or, in the case of ballots counted by a central counting system, the counting board members, and they are unable to explain the returns of their respective precincts.

ARTICLE 3. Voter-Requested Recounts [15620 - 15634]

§15620

  • (a) Following completion of the official canvass and again following completion of any postcanvass risk-limiting audit conducted pursuant to Section 15560, any voter may, within five days thereafter, file with the elections official responsible for conducting an election in the county wherein the recount is sought a written request for a recount of the votes cast for candidates for any office, for slates of presidential electors, or for or against any measure, provided the office, slate, or measure is not voted on statewide. The request shall specify on behalf of which candidate, slate of electors, or position on a measure (affirmative or negative) it is filed.
  • (b) If an election is conducted in more than one county, the request for the recount may be filed by any voter within five days, beginning on the 31st day after the election, with the elections official of, and the recount may be conducted within, any or all of the affected counties.
  • (c) For the purposes of this section, “completion of the canvass” shall be presumed to be that time when the elections official signs the certified statement of the results of the election except that, in the case of a city election, if a city council canvasses the returns itself and does not order the elections official to conduct the canvass, “completion of the canvass” shall be presumed to be that time when the governing body declares the persons elected or the measures approved or defeated.

§15621.

  • (a) Following completion of the official canvass any voter may, within five days beginning on the 31st day after a statewide election, file with the Secretary of State a written request for a recount of the votes cast for candidates for any statewide office or for or against any measure voted on statewide. Additionally, any voter may file with the Secretary of State a written request for a recount of the votes cast for candidates for any statewide office or for or against any measure voted on statewide within five days following completion of any postcanvass risk-limiting audit conducted pursuant to Section 15560. A request filed pursuant to this section shall specify in which county or counties the recount is sought and shall specify on behalf of which candidate, slate of electors, or position on a measure (affirmative or negative) it is filed.
  • (b) The Secretary of State shall forthwith send by registered mail one copy of the request to the elections official of each county in which a recount of the votes is sought.
  • (c) All the other provisions of this article shall apply to recounts conducted under this section.

§15621.5

If more than one voter requests a recount of the same office or measure pursuant to Section 15620 or 15621, and at least one request is for a manual recount, the county elections official of a county subject to multiple requests as described in this section shall conduct only one manual recount of the ballots subject to recount, the result of which shall be controlling.

§15622

The request may specify the order in which the precincts shall be recounted.

§15623

Any time during the conduct of a recount and for 24 hours thereafter, any other voter may request the recount of any precincts in an election for the same office, slate of presidential electors, or measure not recounted as a result of the original request.

§15624

The voter or the campaign committee, as defined in Section 82013 of the Government Code, represented by the voter filing the request seeking the recount shall, before the recount is commenced and at the beginning of each day following, deposit with the elections official a sum as required by the elections official to cover the cost of the recount for that day. The money deposited shall be returned to the depositor if, upon completion of the recount, the candidate, slate of presidential electors, or the position on the measure (affirmative or negative) for which the declaration is filed is found to have received the plurality of votes cast which it had not received according to the official canvass or, in an election where there are two or more candidates, the recount results in the candidate for whom the recount was requested appearing on the ballot in a subsequent runoff election or general election who would not have so appeared in the absence of the recount. The depositor shall be entitled to the return of any money deposited in excess of the cost of the recount if the candidate, slate, or position on the measure has not received the plurality of the votes cast or, in an election where there are two or more candidates, the recount does not result in the candidate for whom the recount was requested appearing on the ballot in a subsequent runoff or general election as a result of the recount. Money not required to be refunded shall be deposited in the appropriate public treasury.

§15625

The recount shall be conducted under the supervision of the elections official by special recount boards consisting of four voters of the county appointed by the elections official. Each member of a recount board shall receive the same compensation per day as is paid in the jurisdiction within which the recount is being conducted to members of precinct boards, other than inspectors, to be paid out of the appropriate public treasury.

If the office of the elections official is the subject of the recount, the governing body shall appoint an officer, other than the elections official, to appoint and supervise the special recount boards.

§15626

The recount shall be commenced not more than seven days following the receipt by the elections official of the request or order for the recount under Section 15620, 15621, or 15645 and shall be continued daily, Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays excepted, for not less than six hours each day until completed. The recount shall not be commenced until the first day following notification of the individuals specified in Section 15628.

§15627

  • (a) If the votes subject to recount were cast or tabulated by a voting system, the voter requesting the recount shall, for each set of ballots cast or tabulated by a type of voting system, select whether the recount shall be conducted manually, or by means of the voting system used originally. Only one method of recount may be used for all ballots cast or tabulated by the same type of voting system.
  • (b) For purposes of direct recording electronic voting systems, “conducted manually” means that the voter verified paper audit trail of the electronically recorded vote is counted manually, as selected by the voter who requests the recount.

§15628

Not less than one day prior to commencement of the recount, the elections official shall post a notice as to the date and place of the recount and shall notify the following persons of it in person or by any federally regulated overnight mail service:
  • (a) All candidates for any office the votes for which are to be recounted.
  • (b) Authorized representatives of presidential candidates to whom electors are pledged if the votes to be recounted were cast for presidential electors.
  • (c) Proponents of any initiative or referendum or persons filing ballot arguments for or against any initiative, referendum, or measure placed on the ballot by the governing body the votes for which are to be recounted.
  • (d) The Secretary of State in the case of a recount of the votes cast for candidates for any state office, presidential electors, the House of Representatives of the United States, the Senate of the United States, or delegates to a national convention or on any state measure.

§15629

The recount shall be conducted publicly.

§15630

All ballots, whether voted or not, and any other relevant material, may be examined as part of any recount if the voter filing the declaration requesting the recount so requests.

No examination of any ballot shall include touching or handling the ballot without the express consent of the elections official or the election officer supervising the special recount board. No ballot may be touched or handled during the examination unless the elections official or the elections officer supervising the special recount is present to observe the examination.

Except as provided in this section no ballot shall be touched or handled by any person during the recount unless that person is the elections official, a person acting at the direction of the elections official, a member of the special recount board, or by order of the superior court.

§15631

On recount, ballots may be challenged for incompleteness, ambiguity, or other defects, in accordance with the following procedure:
  • (a) The person challenging the ballot shall state the reason for the challenge.
  • (b) The official counting the ballot shall count it as he or she believes proper and then set it aside with a notation as to how it was counted.
  • (c) The elections official shall, before the recount is completed, determine whether the challenge is to be allowed. The decision of the elections official is final.

§15632

In lieu of the returns as reported in the official canvass, upon completion of the recount showing that a different candidate was nominated or elected, that a different presidential slate of electors received a plurality of the votes, or that a measure was defeated instead of approved or approved instead of defeated, there shall be entered the result of the recount in each precinct affected, which result shall, for all purposes thereafter, be the official returns of those precincts for the office, slates of presidential electors, or measure involved in the recount. If the office, slates of presidential electors, or measure are not voted on statewide, the results of any recount which is not completed by counting the votes in each and every precinct in the jurisdiction within which votes were cast on the candidates for the office, on the slates of electors, or on the measure in question shall be declared null and void. If the office, slates of presidential electors, or measure are voted on statewide, the results of any recount will be declared null and void where there is not recounted each vote cast statewide for the office, slates, or measure.

§15633

A copy of the results of any recount conducted pursuant to this chapter shall be posted conspicuously in the office of the elections official.

§15634

This chapter does not:
  • (a) Authorize the opening or recounting of ballots for any precinct except for the purposes specified in this chapter.
  • (b) Limit other provisions of law regarding an election contest or recount.

ARTICLE 4. Court-Ordered Recounts [15640 - 15642]

§15640

  • (a) When requested by the board of supervisors or the grand jury, the district attorney may petition the superior court for an order directing a public recount to be made of ballots tabulated by a voting system in any precincts in the county that it designates for any election occurring not over 25 days before the request. The request and petition shall be made only on one or more of the following grounds, and the order may be issued only with a finding that there is probable cause to believe that one or more of the grounds exist:
    • (1) Misconduct by anyone sufficient to make it likely that the result of the election was affected as to the successful candidates or propositions or tie holders, including any of the conduct specified in Section 16100.
    • (2) Errors or failures, whether electronic, mechanical or otherwise, in the safekeeping, handling, tallying, counting, recording, or certification of the ballots or votes cast, sufficient to make it likely that the result of the election was affected as to the successful candidates or propositions or tie holders, or sufficient to cast substantial doubt on the substantial accuracy of the results without regard to affecting any result.
The petition shall be set for hearing and may be opposed by any interested party.
  • (b) The court may order any further recounts that it may deem proper based on the results of the recounts provided for in subdivision (a) or in Section 15645, and shall declare the results of all the recounts, and shall determine and order corrected the results of any election affected by any recount.
  • (c) The court may order payment of the costs of any such recount in whole or in just proportion by any person or any public agency, or both, who petition for a recount. In the case of public agencies the costs shall be provided for and paid pursuant to Section 19212.

§15641

Section 15001 shall apply unless a court orders the program held pending the conclusion of litigation challenging the outcome of an election. If court action or an official recount is initiated while the program is on deposit, the Secretary of State shall make the program available to the court or the elections official in whose jurisdiction the court action or recount takes place, upon written request.

§15642

Any tape, diskette, cartridge, or other magnetic or electronic storage medium used in the programming of vote totals shall be kept in a secure location and, if there is a recanvass of votes, the officer entrusted with the magnetic storage medium shall submit his or her affidavit stating that they are the true media used in the election and have not been altered.

ARTICLE 5. State-Funded Recounts [15645 - 15649]

§15645

  • (a)
    • (1) Within five days after the Secretary of State files a statement of the vote, as required by subdivision (b) of Section 15501, the Governor may order a state-funded manual recount of all votes cast for a statewide office or state ballot measure if any of the following occurs, except as provided in paragraph (3):
      • (A) The official canvass of returns in a statewide primary election shows that the difference in the number of votes received by the second and third place candidates for a statewide office is less than or equal to the lesser of 1,000 votes or 0.00015 of the number of all votes cast for that office except as provided in paragraph (2).
      • (B) The official canvass of returns in a statewide general election shows that the difference in the number of votes received by the two candidates receiving the greatest number of votes for a statewide office is less than or equal to the lesser of 1,000 votes or 0.00015 of the number of all votes cast for that office.
      • (C) The official canvass of returns in a statewide election shows that the difference in the number of votes cast for and against a state ballot measure is less than or equal to the lesser of 1,000 votes or 0.00015 of the number of all votes cast on the measure.
    • (2) The Governor shall not order a state-funded manual recount of all votes cast for the office of Superintendent of Public Instruction pursuant to this section unless the official canvass of returns in a statewide primary election shows either of the following:
      • (A) The number of votes received by the candidate receiving the greatest number of votes was either of the following:
        • (i) Between 0.49985 and 0.50015, inclusive, of the number of all votes cast.
        • (ii) Within 1,000 votes of 50 percent of the number of all votes cast.
      • (B) No candidate for the office of Superintendent of Public Instruction received votes on a majority of all the ballots cast for candidates for that office and the difference in the number of votes received by the second and third place candidates for that office was less than or equal to the lesser of 1,000 votes or 0.00015 of the number of all votes cast for that office.
    • (3) If the conditions set forth in paragraph (1) are satisfied with respect to the number of votes cast for the office of Governor, the Secretary of State, but not the Governor, may order a state-funded manual recount pursuant to this section.
    • (4) For purposes of this subdivision, “statewide office” means the office of Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, Controller, Insurance Commissioner, Secretary of State, Superintendent of Public Instruction, Treasurer, or Member of the United States Senate.
  • (b) If a state-funded recount is conducted pursuant to this section, no other recount shall be conducted.
  • (c) The State shall reimburse counties for costs resulting from conducting a manual recount pursuant to this section in an expeditious manner upon certification of those costs.

§15646.

  • (a) Upon the Governor or Secretary of State ordering a recount pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 15645, the Secretary of State shall notify the elections official of each county and shall direct the county elections officials to recount all the votes cast for the office or for and against the state ballot measure.
  • (b) (1) While conducting a recount pursuant to Section 15645, a county elections official shall also review ballots rejected pursuant to Section 15154 to ensure that no ballots were improperly discarded during the initial canvass.
    • (2) The process of reviewing rejected ballots pursuant to subdivision (a) shall be open to members of the public, including persons associated with a campaign or measure.
  • (c) The elections official in each county shall complete a recount pursuant to this section as follows:
    • (1) In a primary election, by three business days before the Secretary of State issues the certified list of candidates for the associated general election pursuant to Section 8120.
    • (2) In a general election, within 60 days of the Governor or Secretary of State ordering the recount.

§15647

All the provisions of Article 3 (commencing with Section 15620), except Sections 15620, 15621, 15622, 15623, 15624, and 15627, shall apply to this article unless otherwise provided herein.

§15648

The Secretary of State may adopt, amend, and repeal rules and regulations necessary for the administration of this article.

§15649

A county elections official shall only be required to conduct a recount pursuant to this article to the extent funds are appropriated for purposes of this article in the annual Budget Act or other statute.


ELECTIONS CODE - ELEC

DIVISION 16. ELECTIONS CONTESTS [16000 - 16940]

CHAPTER 1. General Provisions [16000 - 16003]

§16000

The general election contest provisions of this division, exclusive of Article 1 (commencing with Section 16700) of Chapter 8, Chapter 9 (commencing with Section 16800), and Article 1 (commencing with Section 16900) of Chapter 10, shall also apply to the recount of votes cast on a ballot measure, insofar as they can be made applicable.

§16002

When used in this division, “contestant” means any person initiating an election contest. “Defendant” means that person whose election or nomination is contested or those persons receiving an equal and highest number of votes, other than the contestant, where, in other than primary elections, the body canvassing the returns declares that no one person has received the highest number of votes for the contested office.

§16003

In a contest of the election of presidential electors the action or appeal shall have priority over all other civil matters. Final determination and judgment shall be rendered at least six days before the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December.

ELECTIONS CODE - ELEC

DIVISION 16. ELECTIONS CONTESTS [16000 - 16940]

CHAPTER 2. Grounds for Contest [16100 - 16101]

§16100

Any elector of a county, city, or of any political subdivision of either may contest any election held therein, for any of the following causes:

  • (a) That the precinct board or any member thereof was guilty of malconduct.
  • (b) That the person who has been declared elected to an office was not, at the time of the election, eligible to that office.
  • (c) That the defendant has given to any elector or member of a precinct board any bribe or reward, or has offered any bribe or reward for the purpose of procuring his election, or has committed any other offense against the elective franchise defined in Division 18 (commencing with Section 18000).
  • (d) That illegal votes were cast.
  • (e) That eligible voters who attempted to vote in accordance with the laws of the state were denied their right to vote.
  • (f) That the precinct board in conducting the election or in canvassing the returns, made errors sufficient to change the result of the election as to any person who has been declared elected.
  • (g) That there was an error in the vote-counting programs or summation of ballot counts.

§16101

Any candidate at a primary election may contest the right of another candidate to nomination to the same office by filing an affidavit alleging any of the following grounds, that:
  • (a) The defendant is not eligible to the office in dispute.
  • (b) The defendant has committed any offense against the elective franchise defined in Division 18 (commencing with Section 18000).
  • (c) A sufficient number of votes were illegal, fraudulent, forged, or otherwise improper, and that had those votes not been counted, the defendant would not have received as many votes as the contestant.
  • (d) A sufficient number of eligible voters who attempted to vote in accordance with the laws of the state were denied their right to vote, and that had those voters been permitted to vote, the defendant would not have received as many votes as the contestant.
  • (e) Due to mistake, error, or misconduct the votes in any precinct were so incorrectly counted as to change the result.

ELECTIONS CODE - ELEC

DIVISION 16. ELECTIONS CONTESTS [16000 - 16940]

CHAPTER 3. Contests at General Elections [16200 - 16204]

§16200

This chapter shall not apply to elections for the office of state Senator or Member of the Assembly of the California Legislature.

§16201

No irregularity or improper conduct in the proceedings of the precinct board members, or any of them, is malconduct that avoids an election, unless the irregularity or improper conduct is such as to procure the defendant to be declared either elected or one of those receiving an equal and highest number of votes where no one person has received the highest number of votes.

§16202

When any election held for an office exercised in and for a county is contested on account of any malconduct on the part of the precinct board of any precinct, or any member thereof, the election shall not be annulled or set aside upon any proof thereof, unless the rejection of the vote of that precinct would change the result as to that office in the remaining vote of the county.

§16203

An election shall not be set aside on account of illegal votes, unless it appears that a number of illegal votes has been given to the person whose right to the office is contested or who has been certified as having tied for first place, which, if taken from him, would reduce the number of his legal votes below the number of votes given to some other person for the same office, after deducting therefrom the illegal votes which may be shown to have been given to that other person.

§16204

An election shall not be set aside on account of eligible voters being denied the right to vote, unless it appears that a sufficient number of voters were denied the right to vote as to change the result.

ELECTIONS CODE - ELEC

DIVISION 16. ELECTIONS CONTESTS [16000 - 16940]

CHAPTER 4. Contests at Primary Elections [16300- 16300.]

§16300

Irregularity or improper conduct shall annul or set aside a nomination only if it appears that illegal votes in the precinct have been given to the defendant, which if taken from him or her, would reduce the number of his legal votes below the number of votes given to the contestant.

ELECTIONS CODE-

DIVISION 16. ELECTIONS CONTESTS [16000 - 16940]

CHAP 5. Form of Contest Statements [16400-16467]

ARTICLE 1. General Elections [16400 - 16404]

§16400

When an elector contests any election he or she shall file with the clerk of the superior court having jurisdiction a written statement setting forth specifically:
  • (a) The name of the contestant and that he or she is an elector of the district or county, as the case may be, in which the contested election was held.
  • (b) The name of the defendant.
  • (c) The office.
  • (d) The particular grounds of contest and the section of this code under which the statement is filed.
  • (e) The date of declaration of the result of the election by the body canvassing the returns thereof.

§16401

The contestant shall verify the statement of contest, as provided by Section 446 of the Code of Civil Procedure, and shall file it within the following times after either the declaration of the result of the election or the declaration of the results of any postcanvass risk-limiting audit conducted pursuant to Section 15560 by the body canvassing the returns thereof:
  • (a) In cases other than cases of a tie, where the contest is brought on any of the grounds mentioned in subdivision (c) of Section 16100, six months.
  • (b) In all cases of tie, 20 days.
  • (c) In cases involving presidential electors, 10 days.
  • (d) In all other cases, 30 days.

§16402

When the reception of illegal votes is alleged as a cause of contest, it is sufficient to state generally that in one or more specified voting precincts illegal votes were given to the defendant, which, if taken from him or her, will reduce the number of his or her legal votes below the number of legal votes given to some other person for the same office.

Testimony shall not be received of any illegal votes, unless the contestant delivers to the defendant, at least three days before the trial, a written list of the number of illegal votes, and by whom given, which he or she intends to prove. No testimony may be received of any illegal votes except those that are specified in the list.

§16402.5

An election shall not be set aside on account of eligible voters being denied the right to vote, unless it appears that a sufficient number of voters were denied the right to vote as to change the result.

§16403

A statement of the grounds of contest shall not be rejected nor the proceedings dismissed by any court for want of form, if the grounds of contest are alleged with such certainty as will advise the defendant of the particular proceeding or cause for which the election is contested.

§16404

The affidavit shall specify separately each precinct in which any irregularity or improper conduct took place, or in which a recount is demanded, and the nature of the mistake, error, misconduct, or other cause of contest, and the date of completion of the official canvass of the board of supervisors of the county last making the declaration.

ARTICLE 2. Primary Elections [16420 - 16421]

§16420

The defendant shall be named in the affidavit.

§16421

The affidavit shall be filed in the office of the clerk of the superior court having jurisdiction within five days after either the completion of the official canvass or the completion of any postcanvass risk-limiting audit conducted pursuant to Section 15560 by the county last making the declaration.

In the case of an office for which candidates are certified for the ballot by the Secretary of State, or in the case of a statewide ballot measure, the superior court having jurisdiction shall be the Superior Court for the County of Sacramento.

ARTICLE 3. Contests Other than Recount [16440 - 16444]

§16440

This article applies only to contests on the grounds that:
  • (a) The defendant is not eligible to the office in dispute.
  • (b) The defendant has committed any offense against the elective franchise as defined in Division 18 (commencing with Section 18000).
  • (c) A sufficient number of votes were illegal, fraudulent, forged, or otherwise improper, and that had those votes not been counted the defendant would not have received as many votes as the contestant.

§16441

If the nomination contested is for an office including a political subdivision of more than one county, the superior court of any county within the political subdivision has jurisdiction, and the contestant may file in any county within the political subdivision. There shall be no change of venue therefrom to any other county within the political subdivision.

§16442

After the affidavit is filed with the clerk of the superior court, a copy of the affidavit shall be personally served upon the defendant or sent to him or her by registered mail in a sealed envelope with postage prepaid, addressed to the defendant at the place of residence named in his or her affidavit of registration. The contestant shall make an affidavit of mailing if he or she serves the affidavit by mail, and file it on the same day with the county elections official.

§16443

The defendant, after receipt of the copy of the affidavit, may file an answer and a cross-contest affidavit within five days.

§16444

No special appearance, demurrer or objection may be taken other than by the affidavits which shall be considered a general appearance in the contest.

ARTICLE 4. Contests Involving a Recount [16460 - 16467]

§16460

This article applies only to contests on the ground that due to mistake, error, or misconduct the votes in any precinct were so incorrectly counted as to change the result.

§16461

The superior court of that county in which is located the precinct in which the contestant demands a recount has jurisdiction.

§16462

No service other than as provided in this section need be made upon the defendant. The affidavit shall be filed in the office of the clerk of the superior court within five days after the completion of the official canvass. Upon the filing of the affidavit the county elections official shall forthwith post, in a conspicuous place in his or her office, a copy of the affidavit. Upon the filing of the affidavit and its posting, the superior court of the county shall have jurisdiction of the subject matter and of the parties to the contest. The contestant on the date of filing the affidavit shall send by registered mail a copy thereof to the defendant in a sealed envelope, with postage prepaid, addressed to the defendant at the place of residence named in the affidavit of registration of the defendant, and shall make and file an affidavit of mailing with the county elections official, which shall become a part of the records of the contest.

§16463

All candidates at any primary election are permitted to be candidates under this code only upon the condition that jurisdiction for the purposes of the proceeding authorized by this article shall exist in the manner and under the conditions provided for by Section 16462.

§16464

At any time within three days after the filing of the affidavit of the contestant to the effect that he or she has sent by registered mail a copy of the affidavit to the defendant, the defendant may file with the clerk of the superior court an affidavit in his or her own behalf, setting up his or her desire to have the votes counted in any precincts, designating them, in addition to the precincts designated in the affidavit of the contestant, and setting up his or her grounds therefor. On the trial of the contest all of the precincts named in the affidavits of the contestant and the defendant shall be considered, and a recount had with reference to all of those precincts. The contestant shall have the same right to answer the affidavit of the defendant as is given to the defendant with reference to the affidavit of the contestant except that the contestant's answer shall be filed not later than the first day of the trial of the contest.

§16465

The defendant shall appear, either in person or by attorney, at the time and place fixed for the hearing, and shall take notice of the order fixing the time and place from the records of the court, without service.

§16466

The defendant may not make any special appearance for any purpose except as provided in this article.  Any appearance whatever of the defendant or any request to the court by the defendant or his or her attorney shall be entered as a general appearance in the contest. No demurrer or objection may be taken by the parties in any other manner than by answer, and all the objections shall be contained in the answer.

§16467

The court, if the defendant appears, shall require the answer to be made within three days from the time and place set for hearing. If the defendant does not appear the court shall note his default, and shall proceed to hear and determine the contest with all convenient speed.

ELECTIONS CODE-

DIVISION 16. ELECTIONS CONTESTS [16000 - 16940]

CHAP 6. Election Official Duties [16500-16540]

ARTICLE 1. Contest Procedures at General Elections [16500 - 16503]

§16500

Within five days after the end of the time allowed for filing statements of contest, the clerk of the superior court shall notify the superior court of the county of all statements filed.

The presiding judge shall forthwith designate the time and place of hearing, which time shall be not less than 10 nor more than 20 days from the date of the order.

§16501

The clerk of the superior court shall thereupon issue a citation for the defendant to appear at the time and place specified in the order, which citation shall be delivered to the sheriff and served upon the party at least five days before the time so specified, by either of the following methods:
  • (a) Personally.
  • (b) If the party cannot be found, by leaving a copy at the house where he or she last resided.

§16502

The clerk of the superior court shall issue subpoenas for witnesses at the request of any party, which shall be served as other subpoenas. The superior court may issue attachments to compel the attendance of witnesses who have been subpoenaed to attend.

§16503

The contestant shall, in the first instance, be liable for the expenses involved in making any recount. He or she shall pay into court in advance each day a sum that the judge finds sufficient to pay all recount expenses that will have accrued by the end of that day. The sums paid shall be part of the costs. The elections official may pay each day the clerical assistants necessary for the recount from the amount advanced by the contestant without the necessity of the funds being first deposited with the county treasurer.

ARTICLE 2. Contest Procedures at Primary Elections: Contests Other Than Recount [16520 - 16521]

§16520

The clerk of the superior court, within five days after the end of the time for filing affidavits, shall present all the affidavits to the presiding judge of the superior court. The presiding judge shall forthwith designate the time and place of hearing, which shall be not less than 10 nor more than 20 days from the date of the order.

§16521

The clerk of the superior court, after an order setting a contest for trial, shall issue a citation to both parties containing a copy of the order. He or she shall deliver it to the sheriff who shall serve it either upon the parties or leave it at the residences named in the affidavits of registration of the parties.

ARTICLE 3. Contest Procedures at Primary Elections: Involving a Recount [16540- 16540.]

§16540

On the fifth day after the end of the time for filing contestant's affidavit, the clerk of the superior court shall present the affidavits of the contestant and the defendant and proof of posting of contestant's affidavit to the presiding judge of the superior court, or anyone acting in his or her stead, who shall forthwith designate the time and place of hearing, the time for which shall be not less than 10 nor more than 20 days from the date of the order.

ELECTIONS CODE - ELEC

DIVISION 16. ELECTIONS CONTESTS [16000 - 16940]

CHAPTER 7. Court’s Duties [16600 - 16643]

ARTICLE 1. General Elections [16600 - 16603]

§16600

The court shall meet at the time and place designated, to determine the contested election, and shall have all the powers necessary to the determination thereof. It may adjourn from day to day until the trial is ended, and may also continue the trial before its commencement for any time not exceeding 20 days for good cause shown by any party upon affidavit, at the costs of the party applying for the continuance.

§16601

At the trial the ballots shall be opened and a recount taken, in the presence of all the parties, of the votes cast for the various candidates in all contests where it appears from the statements filed that a recount is necessary for the proper determination of the contest. The recount shall include a tabulation of all names written upon a ballot and which are subject to canvass pursuant to Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 15350) of Division 15.

§16602

In the trial and determination of election contests, the court shall be governed by the rules of law and evidence governing the determination of questions of law and fact, so far as the same may be applicable. It may dismiss the proceedings if the statement of the cause of the contest is insufficient, or for want of prosecution.

§16603

The court shall continue in session to hear and determine all issues arising in contested elections. After hearing the proofs and allegations of the parties and within 10 days after the submission thereof, the court shall file its findings of fact and conclusions of law, and immediately thereafter shall pronounce judgment in the premises, either confirming or annulling and setting aside the election. The judgment shall be entered immediately thereafter.

ARTICLE 2. Primary Elections: Contests Other than Recount [16620- 16620.]

§16620

The court shall meet at the time and place designated in the order setting the contest for trial, and shall have all powers necessary to determine the issues.

ARTICLE 3. Primary Elections: Contests Involving a Recount [16640 - 16643]

§16640

If the number of votes that are sought to be recounted or the number of contests are such that the judge in a county in which there is but one superior court judge is of the opinion that it will require additional judges to enable the contest or contests to be determined in time to print the ballots for the election, he or she may obtain the service of any other superior judge, and the proceedings shall be the same as provided for a county in which there is more than one superior court judge.

§16641

If the proceeding is in a county where there is more than one superior court judge, the judge to whom the case is assigned shall notify the presiding judge forthwith of the number of judges which he or she deems necessary to participate in order to finish the contest in time to print the ballots for the final election. The presiding judge shall forthwith designate as many judges as are necessary to completion of the contest, by order in writing and thereupon all of the judges so designated shall participate in the recount of the ballots and the giving of judgment in the contest in the manner specified in this article.

§16642

The judges designated by the order to hear the contest, including the judge to whom the contest was originally assigned, shall convene upon notice from the judge to whom the contest was originally assigned, and agree upon the precincts which each one of them, sitting separately, will recount. Thereupon the recount shall so proceed that each judge, sitting separately, shall respectively determine the recount in those precincts which have been assigned to him or her, so that the ballots opened before one judge need not be opened before another judge or department.

§16643

The proceedings before every judge in making a recount of the precincts assigned to him or her, as to the appointment of the elections official and persons necessary to be assistants of the court in making it, shall be the same as in contested elections.

ELECTIONS CODE - ELEC

DIVISION 16. ELECTIONS CONTESTS [16000 - 16940]

CHAPTER 8. Court’s Decisions, Judgment, and Determinations [16700 - 16742]

ARTICLE 1. General Elections [16700 - 16703]

§16700

The person declared elected by the superior court is entitled to a certificate of election. If a certificate has not already been issued to him or her, the elections official shall immediately make out and deliver to that person a certificate of election signed by him or her.

§16701

If the elections official has issued any certificate for the same office to any other person than the one declared elected by the court, or if the court finds a tie vote in a general election contest brought under this division, the certificate is annulled by the judgment.

§16702

Whenever an election is annulled or set aside by the judgment of the superior court, and no appeal has been taken within 10 days thereafter, the commission, if any has issued, is void and the office vacant.

§16703

If in any election contest it appears that another person than the defendant has the highest number of legal votes, the court shall declare that person elected.

ARTICLE 2. Primary Elections: Other than Recount [16720- 16720.]

§16720

After the court has heard the proofs and allegations of the parties, it shall file its findings of fact and conclusions of law and immediately pronounce judgment either confirming the nomination or setting it aside and decreeing contestant nominated.

ARTICLE 3. Primary Elections: Involving a Recount [16740 - 16742]

§16740

When the recount has been completed in the manner required by Article 4 (commencing with Section 16460) of Chapter 5, and Article 3 (commencing with Section 16640) of Chapter 7, all the judges who took part, if more than one, shall assemble and make the decision of the court.  If there is any difference of opinion, a majority of the judges shall finally determine all questions, and give a separate decision or judgment in each contest.

§16741

A certified copy of the judgment shall be served upon the elections official and may be enforced summarily in the same manner as provided in Section 13314.

§16742

If the contest proceeds in more than one county, and the nominee is to be certified by the Secretary of State from the compilation of election returns in his or her office, the judgment in each county in which there has been a contest shall show what, if any, changes in the returns in the office of the Secretary of State relating to that county ought to be made. Certified copies of the judgments shall be served upon the Secretary of State. He or she shall make the changes in the record in his or her office as each judgment requires, and conform his or her compilation and his or her certificate of nomination accordingly.

ELECTIONS CODE - ELEC

DIVISION 16. ELECTIONS CONTESTS [16000 - 16940]

CHAPTER 9. Costs [16800 - 16803]

§16800

If the proceedings in a general election contest under this division are dismissed for insufficiency or for want of prosecution, or the election is confirmed by the court, judgment for costs shall be rendered against the contestant and in favor of the defendant. If the election is annulled or set aside on the ground of errors of a precinct board in conducting the election or in canvassing the returns, the costs shall be a charge against the county or city where the election was held. When the election is annulled or set aside on any other ground, judgment for costs shall be given in favor of contestant and against the defendant.

§16801

Where two or more contested elections are joined for the purpose of recounting votes, the costs shall be apportioned among the parties in the discretion of the court.

§16802

Primarily each party is liable for the costs created by himself or herself to the officers and witnesses entitled thereto, which costs may be collected in the same manner as similar costs are collected in other cases.

§16803

The provisions relating to costs in contested final elections apply to primary election contests conducted under this division.

ELECTIONS CODE - ELEC

DIVISION 16. ELECTIONS CONTESTS [16000 - 16940]

CHAPTER 10. Appeals [16900 - 16940]

ARTICLE 1. General Elections [16900- 16900.]

§16900

Any party aggrieved by the judgment of the court may appeal therefrom to the court of appeal, as in other cases of appeal thereto from the superior court. During the pendency of proceedings on appeal, and until final determination thereof, the person declared elected by the superior court shall be entitled to the office in like manner as if no appeal had been taken.

ELECTIONS CODE - ELEC

DIVISION 16. ELECTIONS CONTESTS [16000 - 16940]

CHAPTER 10. Appeals [16900 - 16940]

ARTICLE 2. Primary Elections: Other than a Recount [16920- 16920.]

§16920

Either party to a contest may appeal to the district court of appeal of the district where the contest is brought, if the appeal is perfected by the appellant within 10 days after judgment of the superior court is pronounced. The appeal shall have precedence over all other appeals and shall be acted upon by the district court of appeal within 10 days after the appeal is filed.

ELECTIONS CODE - ELEC

DIVISION 16. ELECTIONS CONTESTS [16000 - 16940]

CHAPTER 10. Appeals [16900 - 16940]

ARTICLE 3. Primary Elections: Involving a Recount [16940- 16940.]

§16940

The judgment of the court is final in every respect. No party may appeal.


§17303

  • (a) The following provisions shall apply to those elections where candidates for one or more of the following offices are voted upon:  President, Vice President, United States Senator, and United States Representative.
  • (b) The elections official shall preserve the package or packages containing the following items for a period of 22 months:
    • (1) Two tally sheets.
    • (2) The copy of the index used as the voting record.
    • (3) The challenge lists.
    • (4) The assisted voters' list.
  • (c) All voters may inspect the contents of the package or packages at all times following commencement of the official canvass of the votes.
  • (d) If a contest is not commenced within the 22-month period, or if a criminal prosecution involving fraudulent use, marking, or falsification of ballots, or forgery of vote by mail voters' signatures is not commenced within the 22-month period, either of which may involve the vote of the precinct from which voted ballots were received, the elections official may have the packages destroyed or recycled.

§17305

  • (a) The following provisions shall apply to those elections where candidates for one or more of the following offices are voted upon: President, Vice President, United States Senator, and United States Representative.
  • (b) Upon the completion of the counting of the votes as provided in Article 4 (commencing with Section 15640) of Chapter 12 of Division 15, all ballot cards shall be arranged by precincts and shall be kept by the elections official for 22 months from the date of the election or so long thereafter as any contest involving the vote at the election remains undetermined.
  • (c) Notwithstanding any other provision of this code, the final disposition of all voted ballot cards shall be determined by the elections official.
  • (d) Sealed ballot containers may be opened if the elections official determines it is necessary in a shredding or recycling process. Nothing in this section shall be construed to allow packages or containers to be opened except for purposes specified herein. The packages or containers shall otherwise remain unopened until the ballots are destroyed or recycled.

§17502

  • (a) The following provisions shall apply to those elections where candidates for one or more of the following offices are voted upon: President, Vice President, United States Senator, and United States Representative.
  • (b) The elections official shall preserve the following records reflecting the appointment of precinct officials until 22 months from the date of any election.
    • (1) Precinct officers' declaration of intention required by Section 12321.
    • (2) Precinct board member applications specified in Section 12300.
    • (3) Order appointing members of the several precinct boards and designating the polling places specified in Section 12286.
    • (4) Nominations for appointment to the precinct board by the county central committee of each qualified political party specified in Section 12306.
    • (5) Written orders appointing precinct board members or designating the polling place for the precinct pursuant to Section 12327.

§17504

  • (a) The following provisions apply to those elections where candidates for one or more of the following offices are voted upon: President of the United States, Vice President of the United States, United States Senator, and United States Representative.
  • (b) The elections official shall preserve all applications for vote by mail ballots for a period of 22 months from the date of the election.

§17506

The elections official shall preserve the list of new resident voters voting pursuant to Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 3400) of Division 3 for 22 months from the date of the election.

§18002

Every person charged with the performance of any duty under any law of this state relating to elections, who willfully neglects or refuses to perform it, or who, in his or her official capacity, knowingly and fraudulently acts in contravention or violation of any of those laws, is, unless a different punishment is prescribed by this code, punishable by fine not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000) or by imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170 of the Penal Code for 16 months or two or three years, or by both that fine and imprisonment.


California Code of Regulations

Title 2. Administration -- Division 7. Secretary of State -- Chapter 8.1. Recounts

Article 1. General Provisions

§ 20810. Purpose.

  • (a) The purpose of this chapter is to establish standards and procedures for conducting recounts of votes cast for all elections in the State of California requested pursuant to Chapter 9 of Division 15 of the California Elections Code.
  • (b) This chapter applies to the Secretary of State and all elections officials within the State of California in conducting recounts of votes cast for all elections in this state.

Note: Authority cited: Section 12172.5, Government Code; and Sections 10 and 15601, Elections Code. Reference: Sections 15600 and 15601, Elections Code.

§ 20811. Definitions.

  • (a) “Election data media device” means a card, cartridge, USB flash memory stick or other digital storage device that stores ballot information and/or voting results information in a non-volatile form.
  • (b) “Governing body” includes, but is not limited to, a city council or a county board of supervisors.
  • (c) “Interested party” means the requestor and those persons identified in Elections Code section 15628.
  • (d) “Observer” means any representative of a qualified political party, representative of a bona fide association of citizens, or other person who wishes to observe the recount proceedings subject to space limitations.
  • (e) “Qualified political party” means only a political party qualified to participate in the last primary election.
  • (f) “Relevant material” includes but is not limited to unvoted ballots, vote by mail and provisional ballot envelopes, voting system redundant vote data, ballot definition files, language translation files and the central database or other electronic repository of results for the election in which the contest subject to recount occurred, election data media devices, audit logs, system logs, pre- and post-election logic and accuracy testing plans and results, polling place event logs, precinct tally results, central count tally results and consolidated results in a structured, non-proprietary format, surveillance video recordings and chain of custody logs, including logs of security seals and access to election-related storage areas.
  • (g) “Requestor” means a voter who requests a recount or any other voter who, during the conduct of a recount and for 24 hours thereafter, requests the recount of additional precincts not recounted as a result of the original request.
  • (h) “Vote tabulating device” means any piece or combination of pieces of equipment, other than a voting machine operated by levers or other mechanical means, that compiles a total of votes cast by means of electronic data processing and ballot card sorting, ballot card scanning, or paper ballot scanning.
  • (i) “Voter” means any elector who is registered under the Elections Code.
  • (j) “Vote for One” means an election for an office in which the voter may select only one candidate.
  • (k) “Vote for Multiple” means an election for an office in which the voter may select two or more candidates.
  • (l) “Voter verified paper audit trail paper copy” does not include a voter verified paper audit trail paper copy from a direct recording electronic voting machine that was used only with a ballot definition or ballot definitions that did not include the contest being recounted.
  • (m) “Voting system redundant vote data” means each and every electronic record of election results for ballots cast in a contest subject to recount on one or more voting system units that is stored in any part of the voting system other than the jurisdiction's central electronic repository of results for that election. Some voting systems do not have redundant vote data on all tabulating or recording devices.

Note: Authority cited: Section 12172.5, Government Code; and Sections 10 and 15601, Elections Code. Reference: Sections 358, 359, 361, 15620, 15621, 15623 and 15625, Elections Code.

§ 20812. Who May Request Recount.

  • (a) Any voter may, pursuant to Elections Code sections 15620, 15621 or 15623, request a recount.
  • (b) Upon receipt of a request for recount, the elections official shall verify that the person requesting the recount is registered to vote in this state.
  • (c) Any time during the conduct of a recount and for 24 hours thereafter, any voter other than the original requestor may, pursuant to Elections Code sections 15620, 15621 or 15623, request the recount of any precincts not recounted as a result of the original recount request.

Note: Authority cited: Section 12172.5, Government Code; and Sections 10 and 15601, Elections Code. Reference: Sections 15620, 15621 and 15623, Elections Code.

§ 20813. Material to Be Examined; Relevant Material.

  • (a) Requests to examine specific categories of relevant material shall be made by the requestor in writing and shall be received by the elections official before the recounting of ballots commences.
  • (b) The elections official shall produce any relevant material requested.
  • (c) The elections official may establish reasonable guidelines for the production and examination of relevant material. The guidelines shall permit photocopying, photography and videotaping of all relevant material except in a manner that would record un-redacted voter signatures.
  • (d) The elections official shall communicate any request to examine ballots or other relevant material to each interested party or to his or her representative. The interested parties and their representatives appointed pursuant to section 20816(a)(1) may be present during the examination of ballots or other relevant material.
  • (e) The elections official, or his or her designee, shall be present during the examination of original ballots or original relevant material, but is not required to be present during the examination of copies of relevant material if the written request specified production of copies for examination.

Note: Authority cited: Section 12172.5, Government Code; and Sections 10 and 15601, Elections Code. Reference: Sections 15629 and 15630, Elections Code.

§ 20814. Order of Recount.

  • (a) If no order in which precincts are to be counted is specified in the request for recount, the elections official shall determine the counting order of precincts.
  • (b) The requestor may request, in writing, a change to the order of precinct counting determined by the elections official or specified in the requestor's initial request for a recount. Any change in the counting order of precincts is subject to the approval of the elections official.
  • (c) Any additional estimated costs associated with requests to change the order of precinct counting shall be paid by the requestor prior to re-ordering the precincts.

Note: Authority cited: Section 12172.5, Government Code; and Sections 10 and 15601, Elections Code. Reference: Section 15622, Elections Code.

§ 20815. Cost of Recount.

  • (a) The elections official shall estimate the costs necessary to produce relevant material and the requestor shall pay an advance deposit of the estimated amount at least one day prior to the materials being produced.
  • (b) The requestor shall pay the advance deposit using cash, cashier's check or money order. At the elections official's discretion, electronic payment by credit or debit card may be accepted.
  • (c) At least one day prior to the commencement of the recount, the elections official shall determine the estimated cost for the first day of the recount and shall advise the requestor in writing of the advance deposit required. The requestor shall, before the recount is commenced, deposit this amount with the elections official. The same procedure shall be followed for each subsequent day of the recount. Daily estimates may vary based upon experience or additional requests made during the course of the recount.
  • (d) The requestor shall pay the advance deposit using cash, cashier's check or money order. At the elections official's discretion, electronic payment by credit or debit card may be accepted.
  • (e) All actual costs of the recount that would not have been incurred but for the requestor's particular recount request shall be directly recoverable from the requestor and may include, but are not limited to, additional supervision hours, security guard hours, the elections official's staff hours, space rental, transportation of ballots and materials and administrative costs.
  • (f) The elections official shall issue a receipt for payment of the deposits and shall maintain a daily log of estimated costs, deposits, actual expenses and amount of refund due, if any.
  • (g) If the advance deposit is not paid by a particular requestor, the elections official will terminate the recount of precincts specified by that requestor.
  • (h) When the recount is completed or discontinued, any amount collected from a voter requesting the recount, which exceeds the actual costs, shall be refunded to that requestor.
  • (i) If upon completion or discontinuation of the recount actual costs exceed the prepaid estimated costs, the elections official shall charge and the requestor shall pay the additional amount.

Note: Authority cited: Section 12172.5, Government Code; and Sections 10 and 15601, Elections Code. Reference: Sections 15624 and 15625, Elections Code.

§ 20816. Location of Recount.

  • (a) The recount shall take place in a location to be determined by the elections official. The elections official shall choose a location that is large enough to accommodate the presence of the following: * (1) Not more than two representatives of each interested party and each qualified political party to check and review the preparation, testing and operation of the tabulating devices, and to attend any or all phases of the recount; and * (2) Not more than two representatives of any bona fide association of citizens or a media organization to check and review the preparation, testing and operation of the tabulating devices, and have the representatives in attendance at any or all phases of the recount. * (3) In the event the elections official determines that more than two recount boards are necessary, each interested party may designate one additional representative for every additional recount board appointed, solely for the purpose of viewing the recount of ballots and challenging ballots.
  • (b) The elections official may limit the total number of representatives employed pursuant to subdivision (a)(2) in attendance to no more than 10 by a manner in which each interested bona fide association of citizens or media organization has an equal opportunity to participate. Any representatives employed and in attendance pursuant to subdivision (a)(1) or (a)(3) shall not be subject to the limit specified in this subdivision.

Note: Authority cited: Section 12172.5, Government Code; and Sections 10 and 15601, Elections Code. Reference: Sections 5100, 15004, 15625, 15628 and 15629, Elections Code.

§ 20817. Security.

  • (a) The elections official shall, within six (6) months of the effective date of these regulations, submit to the Secretary of State written security measures for recounts to ensure the integrity of the recount proceedings. The security measures shall include, but not be limited to, chain of custody controls and signature-verified documentation for all voter verified paper audit trail paper copies, voted, spoiled and unused ballots, and all “relevant material” as described in section 20811(f). If submission by the vendor of a security plan to the Secretary of State is a condition of approval of voting system use, written notice to the Secretary of State of designation of that security plan to govern recounts satisfies the requirement of this subdivision.
  • (b) Upon request, all persons authorized to observe the recount pursuant to section 20816 must be permitted to observe and inspect, without physical contact, the integrity of all externally visible security seals used to secure all ballot materials, voter verified paper audit trail paper copies, printed ballot images, relevant material as described in section 20811(f), and recount documentation in a reasonable time and manner that does not interfere with the conduct of the recount.

Note: Authority cited: Section 12172.5, Government Code; and Sections 10 and 15601, Elections Code. Reference: Sections 15624 and 15625, Elections Code.

§ 20818. Staffing.

  • (a) Prior to the commencement of the recount, the elections official shall determine the number of special recount boards necessary to complete the recount in a timely manner. The elections official shall appoint four voters of the county to each special recount board. A voter who is also an employee of the elections' official's jurisdiction shall not be compensated as a special recount board member pursuant to Elections Code section 15625 for any day for which the jurisdiction otherwise compensates the employee unless the employee uses one of his or her vacation days.
  • (b) There shall be one supervisor for every four special recount boards. The supervisor's function is to enforce the rules and transport ballots and reports. The supervisor shall not resolve challenges.
  • (c) At the end of each day, the elections official or his or her designee shall post and announce publicly the following:
    • (1) The results of the recount tally of each precinct recounted that day;
    • (2) The certified election results tally for each precinct recounted that day;
    • (3) A running tally of the total recount results for all precincts recounted to date; and
    • (4) A running tally of the total certified election results for all precincts recounted to date.
  • (d) The elections official shall determine whether additional personnel is necessary for tasks such as producing relevant material, sorting or retrieving materials, or checking signatures.

Note: Authority cited: Section 12172.5, Government Code; and Sections 10 and 15601, Elections Code. Reference: Section 15625, Elections Code.

§ 20819. Scheduling.

The elections official shall set the daily schedule for the recount, including hours of operation, approximate break and lunch times, in accordance with the requirements of Elections Code section 15626. The schedule shall be posted in a conspicuous place at the office of the elections official and at the location where the recount takes place, if different.

Note: Authority cited: Section 12172.5, Government Code; and Sections 10 and 15601, Elections Code. Reference: Sections 15625 and 15626, Elections Code.

§ 20820. Spokespersons and Observers.

  • (a) Any person may observe the recount proceedings, subject to space limitations of the recount location selected by the elections official pursuant to section 20816.
  • (b) Upon request by the elections official, each interested party shall appoint one of his or her representatives to serve as a spokesperson authorized to make decisions with respect to the recount on behalf of the interested party, or the interested party may serve as his or her own spokesperson. When accompanied by an elections official or his or her designee, the spokesperson shall have access to all areas where ballots are recounted by hand or tabulated by machine.
  • (c) Questions other than ballot challenges shall be routed through the spokesperson, who shall then direct the question to the elections official or his or her designee. Official discussions with any interested party concerning resolution of questions shall include each interested party or his or her spokesperson.
  • (d) The elections official may require any requestor, interested party, representative, or observer of the recount proceedings to log in and receive an identification badge before entering the recount location. If required, identification badges shall be worn at all times and returned to the elections official at the end of the day.
  • (e) Requestors, interested parties, representatives, and observers shall not interfere in any way with the conduct of the recount, touch any voting system components, ballots, tally sheets or other special recount board materials, sit at the official recount worktables, place any material on the official recount worktables, talk to members of the special recount boards or supervisors while they are processing ballots or other recount materials or assist in recount procedures.
  • (f) The elections official may deny entry to the recount location to any person who fails to comply with the requirements of this section.

Note: Authority cited: Section 12172.5, Government Code; and Sections 10 and 15601, Elections Code. Reference: Sections 15625, 15629 and 15630, Elections Code.

§ 20821. Media, Photography and Recording Devices.

  • (a) The elections official shall, within six (6) months of the effective date of these regulations, develop a written policy providing reasonable access to the recount location by the media, and the use of cameras or audio or video recording devices in the recount location in a manner that will not interfere with the recount, compromise the anonymity of any ballot or record the signature of any voter. Interested parties and observers shall be permitted the same access for use of cameras or audio or video recording devices as members of the media.
  • (b) No interviews shall be permitted in the recount location while the recount is being conducted.

Note: Authority cited: Section 12172.5, Government Code; and Sections 10 and 15601, Elections Code. Reference: Sections 15625 and 15629, Elections Code.

§ 20822. Results of Recount.

  • (a) Upon completion of the recount, the elections official shall post the results of the recount in a highly visible public location in the elections official's office.
  • (b) In a recount of an election for a statewide office or measure, Assembly, State Senate, Presidential convention delegate or slate of electors, Congress, State Board of Equalization, Supreme Court or Courts of Appeal, transmit one complete copy of all results of the recount to the Secretary of State. The Secretary of State shall compile the results of the recount and notify the affected counties within five (5) business days of receipt of all of the results of the recount as to whether the recount has changed the outcome of the election, as provided in Elections Code section 15632.
  • (c) If the outcome of an election has changed as a result of a recount, as provided in Elections Code section 15632, the elections official shall:
    • (1) In a recount of an election for a statewide office or measure, Assembly, State Senate, presidential convention delegate or elector, Congress, State Board of Equalization, Supreme Court or Courts of Appeal, recertify the official returns for the recounted election with the new official count for each precinct involved in the recount and send a copy of the recertification to the Secretary of State.
    • (2) In a recount of an election for any office or measure not included in subdivision (c)(1), recertify the official returns for the election with the new official count for each precinct involved in the recount and send a copy of the recertification to the public official or governing body that declares the results of the election subject to the recount, in order that they may adopt the recertification and re-declare the results of the election.
    • (3) Refund all monies deposited for the recount by any requestor in whose favor the recount changed the outcome of the election. If a recount conducted in multiple counties changed the overall outcome of the election, all monies deposited in all affected counties by such a requestor shall be refunded. No refund shall be made if the recount did not change the overall outcome of the election.

Note: Authority cited: Section 12172.5, Government Code; and Sections 10 and 15601, Elections Code. Reference: Sections 15624, 15625, 15632 and 15633, Elections Code.

§ 20823. Challenges.

  • (a) A challenged ballot shall be set aside with a notation indicating the precinct number, the method by which it was originally counted for the official canvass, e.g., direct recording electronic voting system, scanner or hand count, the challenge number assigned to the ballot, the reason for the challenge, and the identity of the person making the challenge.
    • (1) A ballot that was counted in the official canvass, including a counted vote by mail or provisional ballot, may be challenged only on grounds of disqualifying distinguishing marks or some other grounds visible on the face of the ballot so that the ballot can be isolated and removed from the count if the elections official determines that the ballot was not properly cast.
    • (2) A voted ballot that was not counted in the official canvass, including a rejected unopened vote by mail or provisional ballot, may be challenged and added to the count if the elections official determines that the ballot was properly cast.
  • (b) Resolution of challenged ballots shall take place in a segregated area within the recount location, separate from that being used to perform the recount, as determined by the elections official, to avoid confusion and mixing of ballots.
  • (c) Challenges shall be resolved each day after all special recount boards complete their work, or more often if necessary, as determined by the elections official, but in any event before the conclusion of all recount proceedings. The determination of the elections official on a challenge shall be final. The elections official shall maintain a record of each challenge and the determination on each challenge.

Note: Authority cited: Section 12172.5, Government Code; and Sections 10 and 15601, Elections Code. Reference: Sections 15625 and 15631, Elections Code.

Comments

Media Form edit

Title CA Election Code and CCR on Recounts and Contests
Publisher
Author
Pub Date 2018-02-15
Media Link
Remote Link
Embed HTML
Forum Link
Note
Keywords Election Integrity
Related Keywords Election Team
Media Type Article
Media Group News, Govt Doc, Legal Doc
Curator Rating Plain
Venue
Book ISBN
Author Name Sortable
Thumbnail Link
Topic revision: r2 - 16 Feb 2018, RaymondLutz
This site is powered by FoswikiCopyright © by the contributing authors. All material on this collaboration platform is the property of the contributing authors.
Ideas, requests, problems regarding Cops? Send feedback